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Things To Know About Cornea Transplant!

Date :23-Sep-2019

The cornea is the transparent and clear front layer of the eyes that focus light so that you can see clearly. It also protects the eyes from any foreign particles. If you have a damaged cornea, you will have to replace it through cornea transplant surgery.


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Symptoms of a Damaged Cornea

  • Blurred vision
  • Pain
  • Burning in the eye
  • Increased tearing
  • Redness in the eye
  • Swelling

The light rays that pass through a damaged cornea can get twisted and can change your vision. A cornea transplant surgery replaces the damaged or scarred corneal tissue  with a healthy graft from an organ donor.

Who needs Cornea Transplant?

People who notice the below changes are suggested to have a cornea transplant.

Corneal clouding: Major conditions that lead the cornea to become swollen and cloudy are Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy.

Corneal infection: Infections of the cornea can be bacterial, fungal, or viral. All these infections can lead to scarring, thinning, or gouge in the cornea.

Corneal dystrophy: sometimes genetic conditions called dystrophies can lead cornea to become opaque, and this will require corneal transplantation.

Corneal injury: Traumas to the cornea, such as penetrating eye injuries, can cause corneal scarring, which affects the vision and will need corneal transplantation.


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  • The surgery takes place under the influence of anesthesia, and you will also be given an injection around your eye to relax muscles and control eye movements.
  • You will be awake during the procedure, but will not feel any pain.
  • Your eyelids are kept open using an instrument called lid speculum.
  • Your surgeon then makes cuts using trephine (cutter) through the diseased cornea and removes the corneal tissue.
  • Your donor cornea is then fixed and is stitched to place.
  • Stitches removed later as per the suggestion of your doctor.

After The Surgery

  • Your eye may require a healing period that needs to be monitored
  • You will have to intake the medications prescribed by the doctor, which will help you to control infection and swelling.
  • Wear an eye patch until you heal.
  • Give good care for your eye.
  • Visit your doctor regularly until your eye completely heals.

At Amrit Hospital Chennai, our expert doctors and technicians strive to provide quality treatment for all your eye problems.Blog reviewed by: Dr. Lalit Kumar
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Authored By Dr. Lalit Kumar

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